Pulmonary Division, Department of Medicine, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado.
Bacterial infection plays a critical role in exacerbations of various lung diseases, including chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD) and asthma. Excessive lung inflammation is a prominent feature in disease exacerbations, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Cell surface glycoprotein MUC18 (alias CD146 or melanoma cell adhesion molecule) has been shown to promote metastasis in several tumors, including melanoma. We explored the function of MUC18 in lung inflammatory responses to bacteria (Mycoplasma pneumoniae) involved in lung disease exacerbations. MUC18 expression was increased in alveolar macrophages from lungs of COPD and asthma patients, compared with normal healthy human subjects. Mouse alveolar macrophages also express MUC18. After M. pneumoniae lung infection, Muc18(-/-) mice exhibited lower levels of the lung proinflammatory cytokines KC and TNF-α and less neutrophil recruitment than Muc18(+/+) mice. Alveolar macrophages from Muc18(-/-) mice produced less KC than those from Muc18(+/+) mice. In Muc18(-/-) mouse alveolar macrophages, adenovirus-mediated MUC18 gene transfer increased KC production. MUC18 amplified proinflammatory responses in alveolar macrophages, in part through enhancing the activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Our results demonstrate, for the first time, that MUC18 exerts a proinflammatory function during lung bacterial infection. Up-regulated MUC18 expression in lungs (eg, in alveolar macrophages) of COPD and asthma patients may contribute to excessive inflammation during disease exacerbations.
Am old enough to understand the difference between the Bay of Pigs - and roasting a pig at a epicurian feast. Been thru the hippy, yippie and yuppie years - always remaining who I am.
Very much believe in "Sing your own song - weave your own tapestry"
Am young enough to still know the thrill of new discoveries, the beauty of the evening, to celebrate the joy of another tommorow.
Survived these many decades with a severe medical problems. Sorting out the maze of now having two lymphomas and all their nasty little companions, but I continue.
Besides, being a simple iconoclastic eclectic, have been called many things. An incurable romanticist - with a strong touch of reality. Thinker, intellectual (God, how I hate that term) - been told I am a lion with the heart of the poet.
Know how to wage war and conquer my foes - but would rather be known as one who brings hope and life. To bring hope into anothers life is the ultimate of joys.
Life should be about bringing hope, peace, vision... a sense of purpose beyond yourself.